Mescaline: Chemical | Organic composition
Last modified: Sunday, 31. May 2009 - 5:25 pm
Of the alkaloids so far identified in just L. williamsii alone, 15 are Beta-phenethylamine and simple isoquinoline alkaloids. Mescaline, N-methylmescaline, N-acetylemescaline, anhalamine, anhalonine, anhalidine, anhalinine, anhalonidine, lophophorine, O-methylanhalondedine, and pellotine have all been identified as the principal components of the plant. However, only mescaline has so far been determined to cause hallucinations.
Mescaline is chemically classified as a phenethylamine. Some of its identified chemical compounds are 3,4,5-trimethoxy-beta-phenethylamine, 3,4,5-trimeth-oxybenzeneethanamine, 3,4,5-trimethoxyphene-thyla-mine, and mescaline. This chemical classification makes the drug different from the other hallucinogens, specifically the more popular LSD, which is classified as an indole. Its chemical formula is CnH17N03.
Some designer drugs are mescaline analogs, meaning they are similar in chemical structure. The most popular mescaline analog is 3,4-methylenediozy-methamphetamine (MDMA or Ecstasy). Other analogs of mescaline include amphetamines and methamphetamines.