Benzylpiperazine (Trifluoromethyl-Phenylpiperazine): Legal consequences

Last modified: Thursday, 25. December 2008 - 8:36 am

BZP and TFMPP are not scheduled, classified, or controlled, nor are they approved drugs. They can legally be purchased from chemical supply houses, but are not intended for human consumption. Using the drugs in race horses may lead to fines, loss of winnings, and suspension of racing privileges. Misrepresenting the drugs as ecstasy can lead to conviction for delivery of a counterfeit substance, which may incur a prison sentence of five years.

A Federal Register document April 29, 1999, was intended to provide guidance on the manufacture and distribution of unapproved piperazine products in food-producing animals. On August 27, 1999, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services approved a supplemental new animal drug application filed by Fleming Laboratories, Inc., for the use of piperazine in chickens, turkeys, and swine for treatment of certain parasitic infections. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) provided that firms without approved new drug applications for piperazine for use in food-producing animals could continue to manufacture and distribute piperazine only until August 27, 1999. However, the FDA agreed to distribution of these products until December 31, 1999. After that date, unapproved piperazine products could be subject to regulatory action.

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