Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorders

In general, treatment for substance dependence involves a combination of several psychosocial interventions, which can be combined with pharmacological interventions. Treatment of AUDs can be preceded by a detoxification, depending on severity of alcohol dependence. Personality and Substance Misuse and Pharmacotherapy of Addiction are discussed in depth in site. A short description and discussion of psychological and pharmacological interventions in AUDs are presented below. Detoxification: Symptoms, Medication The first stage of treatment for alcohol dependence often consists of alcohol detoxification, in order to prevent complications during detoxification, and to diminish symptoms and adverse effects associated with detoxification. Symptoms can develop within several hours after last alcohol use, and usually show a peak 24–36 h after abstinence. Symptoms that can be experienced during alcohol detoxification are anxiety, restlessness, sleeplessness, sweating, nausea, vomiting, tremors, heightened blood pressure, and an increased heart rate. Alcohol detoxification is estimated to take a week, although sleep disturbances and psychological withdrawal symptoms can persist much longer. Monitoring of alcohol-dependent Read more […]

Meth Treatment

Compared to other chronic illnesses, addictions are highly treatable. O’Brien and McLellan (1996) in a review of treatment research found that for alcoholism treatment success rates averaged about 50 percent (range 40-70 percent, opiate dependence 60 percent (range 50-80 percent), cocaine dependence 55 percent (range 50-60 percent), and nicotine dependence 30 percent (range 20-40 percent). One of the major myths is that treatment does not work when it comes to meth addiction. This myth has been fuelled partially by the media and the absence of systematic research on meth treatment modalities. Little systematic research has been conducted on the efficacy of treatment for or prevention of meth addiction, but this is beginning to change. The Matrix model for treating stimulant abuse is the most frequently cited systematic research. The literature has also supported cognitive-behavioral approaches in treating meth and other addictions. This is not to suggest that general data on meth treatment is not available. In congressional testimony, the Executive Director of NASADAD shared data from three states that supported services for meth addiction: • In Colorado, 80 percent of methamphetamine users were abstinent at Read more […]