Methamphetamine: Therapeutic use, Treatment. Methamphetamine rehab.

Last modified: Monday, 1. June 2009 - 6:12 am

Official names: Methampethamine
Street names: Meth, speed, crank, zip, chalk, ice, crystal
Drug classifications: Schedule II, stimulant

 

Key terms

ANTISPASMODIC: A substance or drug that relieves muscle spasms and/or cramps.
ANXIETY DISORDERS: A group of mental disorders or conditions characterized in part by chronic feelings of fear, excessive and obsessive worrying, restlessness, and panic attacks. Anxiety disorders include panic disorder, agoraphobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and others.
APHRODISIAC: A substance or drug that increases sexual desire.
ATAXIA: Loss of control of muscle coordination.
BARBITURATES: Highly habit-forming (addictive) sedative drugs based on barbituric acid. Barbiturates are central nervous system depressants.
HYPNOTIC: A drug that induces sleep by depressing the central nervous system.
NEURONS: Nerve cells found throughout the central nervous system. Neurons release neurotransmitters.
PRECURSORS: A substance or compound from which another substance is synthesized, or made.
RECREATIONAL USE: The casual and infrequent use of a drug or substance, often in social situations, for its pleasurable effects.
RELAPSE: Term used in substance abuse treatment and recovery that refers to an addict’s return to substance use and abuse following a period of abstinence or sobriety.

 

Overview

Methamphetamine is a powerful stimulant of the central nervous system. Ordinarily it is a white, odorless powder that can be taken orally, smoked, or injected. It was developed early in the twentieth century from amphetamine, which was synthesized in 1887. Methamphetamine, which is more powerful than amphetamine, was first manufactured in Japan in 1919. It originally was used as a nasal decongestant and bronchial dilator for people with asthma.
Like its parent compound amphetamine, methamphetamine soon began to be used by people for its stimulating properties on the body and brain. During World War II, it was used extensively by both the Allied and Axis soldiers to fight fatigue on the battlefield.
After World War II, there was a huge increase in use of methamphetamines, when supplies of the drug for military use became available to the public. Initially, the use of methamphetamines for its stimulating properties was limited to college students, truck drivers, and athletes. However, in the 1960s, injectible methamphetamine was introduced into society, creating a large group of addicts. In 1970, the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) severely restricted the legal production of methamphetamines, causing the illegal manufacturing and distribution of methamphetamine to increase. In the 1980s, a smokeable form of methamphetamine, known as ice or crank, came into widespread use.
Today, illegal use of methamphetamine is one of the United States’ leading drug abuse problems. Methamphetamine is both highly addicting and highly destructive to its users. Methampethamine trafficking and abuse has been on the rise, causing a devastating impact on communities across the nation. Illegal production of methamphetamine accounts for almost all of the methamphetamine abused in the United States. Large-scale production of methamphetamine is centered in California; however, more and more methamphetamine is being manufactured in Mexico and smuggled into the United States by organized crime groups. Because they already have well-established distribution networks and operators for their cocaine, heroin, and marijuana trafficking, Mexican drug lords have found it easy to tap into, and increasingly control, the illegal methamphetamine market.

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