Catha Edulis: Chemical | Organic composition
Last modified: Thursday, 25. December 2008 - 9:36 am
Although the Catha edulis plant contains a number of chemicals, vitamins, and minerals, its main active ingredient is cathinone, an alkaloid with a chemical structure similar to ephedrine and d-amphetamine. Like amphetamine, it increases the levels of dopamine in the brain and acts as a mild stimulant. For this reason, khat is sometimes referred to as a natural amphetamine.
Within two days of harvest, cathonine levels in the plant’s leaves diminish, and the substance that remains is a milder form of cathonine called cathine.